Control of electronic stability (ESC)

One of the most important recent improvements in car safety is electronic stability control or ESC. Suppose it detects the car is likely to lose stability or is at risk of skidding. In that case, ESC software can immediately limit engine power and engage individual brakes depending on the specific system installed. According to independent research, ESC might avert one-third of all traffic accidents. It’s such a significant advancement that automakers are now compelled by law to include ESC in all new vehicles. ASC, DSC, DTSC, ESP, ESP+, VDC, VSA, and VSC are some of the other acronyms used by manufacturers. Each has a somewhat different action, but they all work to keep the car on track if the wheels start to lose grip due to slick circumstances or the driver’s inputs.

Autonomous Emergency Braking is a feature that allows you to brake on your own.

Autonomous Emergency Braking (AEB) is a significant advancement in preventing automobile crashes. Autonomous braking systems, which are usually offered as an option but are gradually becoming standard, scan the road ahead with a combination of sensors and cameras. When an impending collision is detected, AEB will sound an audible warning to the driver. If the driver does not take action, the AEB system will make an emergency stop to mitigate the collision’s impact. Many autonomous braking systems can avert an accident entirely at lower speeds.

Cruise control that adapts to the situation

A variation on traditional cruise control employs radar to keep a specified distance from the vehicle. If that automobile slows down, the system will automatically slow down the car to match. Adaptive cruise control will accelerate back up to the pre-set cruising speed if the automobile moves out of the path. Advanced versions may even function in slow-moving traffic, bringing the vehicle to a complete stop before resuming its journey.

Technology that keeps you in your lane

Basic lane-keeping systems merely alert the driver if they allow the car to drift too close to the edge of their lane without signaling the highway. This is accomplished with either an auditory warning or haptic feedback (e.g., a vibrating steering wheel). More modern ‘active’ systems will automatically make steering changes to keep you in your lane. However, most will cease operating after a few minutes if they detect the driver is not grasping the steering wheel or making any effort to maintain the car in its lane. Active lane-keeping is commonly included with adaptive cruise control on select (higher-end) vehicles (see below). Long motorway travel can be made easier with this technology, but it’s important to note that the systems are designed as driver aids, not autonomous driving.

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